The “Zadar county integrated sea use and management plan” is a legally binding plan focusing on mariculture, being this one of the most important maritime activity in the county. The plan has designated marine areas for specific types of mariculture (as for example fish cage farming of sea brass and sea bream), taking also in consideration potential conflicts with other maritime activities. The plan was harmonised with the Croatian national spatial development strategy and the spatial plans of adjacent counties.
Development / Implementation Context
The “Zadar county integrated sea use and management plan” is a legally binding plan focusing on mariculture, being this one of the most important maritime activity in the county. It was adopted in 2001 and updated in various steps.
The following elements constitute the legal basis of the plan:
- Physical Planning and Construction Act (1994, amendments);
- Regulation on Protected Coastal Area Development and Conservation (2004);
- Decision by the County Assembly.
Impact on planning and decision-making
The plan has the force of the law. Its designated uses and regulations have to be respected by all municipal and local spatial plans. Moreover the plan was harmonised with the national spatial development strategy and the spatial plans of adjacent counties.
The plan covers the whole marine area of the Zadar County, which is about 3,643 km2.
The Plan was adopted in 2001, and amended in 2004, 2005, 2006, and 2014.
Objectives of the plan
Main objectives of the plan are:
- Economic development of the area, in particular linked to mariculture;
- Rational use of natural resources, especially protection of the sea;
- Environmental protection;
- Landscape protection;
- Protection of historical heritage.
The plan has designated areas for mariculture, which is one of the most important maritime economic sectors in the county of Zadar. The designation was based on the findings of the “Study on the use and protection of the sea and seabed in Zadar County”. The plan has designated marine areas for specific types of mariculture (including both fish and shellfish species). For example the figures below respectively show the zones designed for: (i) fish cage farming of sea brass and sea bream, and (ii) tuna fish cage farming. Regulation for the implementation of the plan (Odredbe za provođenje) was also developed; last version is by 2014.
Public hearings were carried out during the preparation of the plan. Major stakeholders were contacted and their views on specific subjects were sought for. However, the preparation of the plan was the sole responsibility of the County Spatial Planning Office.