Territorial Action Plans for Coastal Protection and Management

Abstract: 

Formulation of plans for coa­stal protection and management and adaptation to climate change effects such as erosion and submersion risks. The focus is on low sandy or pebbly coastal zones and their inlands, the most expo­sed to sea level rise, erosion and submersion risks.

Sea Basin(s): 
Year: 
March 2012
Application in MSP: 
Taken into account in an MSP process
Sectors: 
Nature protection
Type of Issue: 
Coexistence of uses
Economic aspects
Environment aspects
Safety aspects
Type of practice: 
Plan
Stage of MSP cycle: 
Analyse spatial aspects
Develop and implement plan
Cross-border / trans-national aspect: 
Yes
Coherence with other processes: 
Integrated Coastal Zone Management

Questions this practice may help answer

  • What is the state of the art as regards regional policies on coastal protection management?
  • Is it necessary to establish spatial planning regulations for the management of plans to combat coastal erosion?
  • Interaction between Integrated Coastal Management and the offshore sea  

Implementation Context

The “Territorial action plans for coastal protection” were developed within the context of the COASTANCE project, and constitutes its Component 4 of activity: Regional policies and littoral management practices.

Aspects / Objectives

The main aim of Component 4 is the formulation of plans for coastal protection and management and adaptation to climate change effects such as erosion and submersion risks. The focus is on low sandy or pebbly coastal zones and their inlands, the most exposed to sea level rise, erosion and submersion risks. Hard defence structures (e.g. breakwaters, seawalls, groynes), built in the past to remedy suffering situations, often relocated the problem down-drift or anyway to another part of the coast.

Very quickly, the limits of these accommodations appeared. New guidelines based on pro-environmental engineering are emerging, focused on the so-called “soft protection” works. Soft options like beach nourishment, while also being temporary and needing regular replenishment, appear more acceptable, and go some way to restore the natural dynamism of the shoreline.

Method

According with the concept that considers the beach as the main defence “structure” for inland areas, actions should be focused on beaches preservation. A sustainable management of low beaches should therefore be based on two main pillars:

• the alimentation of beaches with sediments coming from out of the system, while in most cases rivers are no more able to provide enough sediment to the coast;

• the correct management of sediments within the system in order to balance accumulating vs. retreating coastal stretches and strongly reduce or avoid losses from the littoral system (seaward, eg. by waves and storm actions, land lowering by subsidence phenomena, or landward, eg. wind action, human activities/exploitation).

Main Outputs / Results

Report D1 Regional policies and littoral management practices  Phase A Component 4 “Territorial Action Plan for Coastal Protection Management”, available online.

Transferability

This exercise of territorial planning for coastal protection management has been tried out in a different range of coastal regions in the West Med (and East Med). In particular, in  the Lazio region, Emilia Romagna, Andalucía, L’Hérault  Eastern Macedonia & Thrace and some parts of Cyprus. In this way, some of the recommendations can be applicable to other territories that might share some similar challenges.

Contact Person

Roberto Montanari

Regione Emilia-Romagna

Responsible for Component 4

 

Angelos Antoniadis

Project Coordinator

Regional Development Fund Regional Development Fund of Eastern Macedonia & Thrace

Email: info@pta-emth.gr

Tel: 0030 25310 83000

Responsible Entity

REGIONAL DEVELOPMENT FUND OF EAST MACEDONIA AND THRACE. GRECIA

Dimitriou Tsetine 7, 69100  Komotini. Grecia

Web: www.pamth.gov.gr

Costs / Funding Source

No info specific on the costs for the practice itself. The overall project costs, involving three thematic components, was of 1.9 million euro.

 

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