Mecklenburg - Vorpommern is the first German coastal state that has integrated designations for single uses in the 12-nm zone into its regional development program. The extended programme was adopted in 2005 and became a legally binding act. The plan was adopted by ordinance of the Ministry of Transport, Building and Regional Development of Mecklenburg-Vorpommern. Currently the SDP is being amended. By updating its Spatial Development Programme (SDP) in the year 2016, Mecklenburg - Vorpommern intends to intensify its comprehensive and multidisciplinary spatial planning. This shall support sustainable future development of the federal state and benefit its inhabitants. The updated Programme reflects current challenges, development trends and framework conditions. The new plan foresees consultation with Poland.
Questions this practice may help answer
- How has the Spatial Development Programme of Mecklenburg - Vorpommern implemented the principles of sustainable spatial development?
- How has the regional development programme of Mecklenburg - Vorpommern integrated designations for single uses in the 12-nm zone?
The Spatial Development Programme (SDP) of Mecklenburg - Vorpommern was extended to the 12-nm zone during the realignment in 2003-2005. Mecklenburg - Vorpommern is the first European coastal state that has integrated designations for single uses in the 12-nm zone into its regional development program. The extended programme was adopted at first time in 2005 and became a legally binding act. In the years 2013 - 2015 the SDP was being updated. By updating its SDP, Mecklenburg - Vorpommern intended to intensify its comprehensive and multidisciplinary spatial planning to support the sustainable future development of the federal state and benefit its inhabitants. The updated Programme reflects current challenges, development trends and framework conditions. The new SDP was adopted by ordinance of the State Mecklenburg-Vorpommern in 2016 and became a legally binding act.
aspects / objectives
Sustainable development as guiding principle of spatial development persists. The binding objectives, principles and other requirements of spatial planning are the framework for further development. This framework may guide those involved in public planning and those representing private interests at an early stage of preparing and implementing measures with spatial impacts. The Spatial Development Programme M-V has strategic character and outlines the priorities concerning the spatial uses in the coastal waters of Mecklenburg-Vorpommern. The 12th guideline (assurance and use of potentials of the territorial waters) is of special importance regarding maritime spatial planning. Also guidelines 3 (new perspectives especially for young people and families), 4 (extended location for education, culture and research) and 8 (improved image as country for tourism, health and recreation) contain direct links to the territorial waters.
Spatial designations have been made by determining priority areas and suitable areas (planning targets, legally binding) and reservation areas (planning principles) – see figure 1 - further regulations have been made in the text, setting binding planning priorities, planning principles, rules and objectives to be followed.
Driven mainly by coastal development, main areas of intervention in the coastal waters with respective spatial designations are protection of the marine environment, sand and gravel extraction, coastal protection, fisheries and aquaculture facilities, tourism, shipping, areas for offshore wind energy, which do not allow for any further offshore wind energy development outside of these areas, and corridors for linear infrastructure (cables, pipelines).
main outputs / results
The maritime spatial plan including relevant maps is available here:
- http://www.regierung- mv.de/Landesregierung/em/Raumordnung/Landesraumentwicklungsprogramm/aktuelles-Programm/
Transboundary consultation took part with Denmark, Sweden and – with a special importance – Poland. According to intergovernmental agreements about the SEA, the complete texts of the drafts of the LEP M-V as well as of the environmental report have been translated into Polish and have been forwarded to responsible Polish administration.
Ministry of Energy, Infrastructure and State Development Mecklenburg-Vorpommern
Ms Petra Schmidt-Kaden