Bologna Charter 2012

Regional multilateral initiative, Bologna Charter 2012

Abstract: 

The Bologna Charter 2012 is aimed at strengthening the role of the coastal administrations in the context of European policies and initiatives at the Mediterranean scale referring to: coastal protection, integrated management of the coastal and marine systems (including MSP and Blue Growth) and adaptation to climate change. To this regard, it promotes and outlines a Macro-Project initiative for the current programming period of the European Structural Funds (2014-2020), designed for a coherent Mediterranean macro-thematic and multi-sectoral strategy. The Macro-Project is detailed in the Joint Action Plan developed under the COASTGAP capitalization project. Although the focus is on coastal planning and management and adaptation to climate change, MSP approaches and principles are clearly considered relevant and taken in consideration by the Macro-Project. This includes initiatives where land-sea interactions is highly relevant, as: (b) surveying erosion status and flood hazard along the Mediterranean coasts; (d) identifying, characterising and promoting the sustainable use of strategic resources like the coastal and submarine stocks of sediments; (e) fostering integrated territorial and marine planning along with the principles of ICZM and MSP.

Sea Basin(s): 
Year: 
March 2013
Application in MSP: 
Applied in a related process
Sectors: 
Not sector specific
Type of Issue: 
Ecosystem-based approach
Land-sea interactions
Resilience to climate change
Sea-basin cooperation
Type of practice: 
Other
Stage of MSP cycle: 
Vision and aims
Cross-border / trans-national aspect: 
Yes
Coherence with other processes: 
Habitats and Birds Directive
Integrated Coastal Zone Management
Marine Strategy Framework Directive
Water Framework Directive

Questions this practice may help answer

  • How can coastal regional administrations establish a cooperative framework to commonly approach strategic challenges related to integrated management of coastal and marine systems, including climate change adaptation, at the sea basin level?
  • How can strategic goals be translated into concrete initiatives?
  • Are there initiatives for which land-sea interactions is particularly relevant?

Implementation Context

The “Bologna Charter 2012” (European Regions Charter for the promotion of a common framework for strategic actions aimed at the protection and sustainable development of the Mediterranean coastal areas) was developed within the MAREMED project and with the support of the FACECOAST Med-cluster (Face the Challenge of Climate Change in the Med Coastal Zones). It re-launches the principles of the former Bologna Charter 2007, drafted within the BEACHMED-e project.

On 17th September 2012 the Charter was adopted by the Emilia-Romagna Region (Resolution of the Regional Government n. 1346). On 21st March 2013 the Charter was signed in Brussels by 14 regions from different European countries. At July 2016 26 administration/territorial bodies have joined the Bologna Charter plus the Intermediterranean Commission of CRPM (Conference of Peripheral Maritime Regions) that adopted the Charter in June 2013.

Aspects / Objectives

The Bologna Charter is aimed at strengthening the role of the coastal administrations in the context of European policies and initiatives at the Mediterranean scale, referring in particular to: coastal protection, integrated management of the coastal and marine systems (including MSP and Blue Growth) and adaptation to climate change. The Charter also promotes a Macro-Project initiative for the EU Programming Period 2014-2020, designed for a coherent Mediterranean macro-thematic and multi-sectoral strategy, open also to the South and East Mediterranean coasts.

 

Method

The Bologna Charter is the result of a long lasting and fruitful joint work between coastal administrations that established a long cooperation experience within relevant European projects, as the above mentioned BEACHMED-e, MAREMED and FACECOAST Med-cluster as well as COASTGAP that developed the Joint Action Plan, the operative tool of the Charter.

Main Outputs / Results

Signatories consider that strategic goals of the Charter can be reached by a Macro-Project initiative aiming to perform concrete objectives, including structural ones, in the medium term and able to attain diversified funding resources. The main initiatives of the Macro-Project identified by Bologna Charter 2012 are:

  • Building a network of existing coastal observatories;
  • Surveying erosion status and flood hazard along the Mediterranean coasts;
  • Promoting the sustainable use of strategic resources like the coastal territory to face littoralization process and implement ICZM principles and approaches;
  • Identifying, characterising and promoting the sustainable use of strategic resources like the coastal and submarine stocks of sediments to face coastal erosion and promote climate change adaptation;
  • Fostering integrated territorial and marine planning along with the principles of ICZM and MSP;
  • Designing and executing structural works along the Mediterranean coasts consistently with the above-mentioned integrated planning process for the concrete implementation of adaptation initiatives;
  • Fostering project-clustering initiatives like FACECOAST.

The Macro-Project is detailed in the Joint Action Plan developed under the COASTGAP capitalization project.

Transferability

The Bologna Charter regional multilateral initiative can be capitalised in other EU regional or sub-regional seas sharing similar problems affecting Mediterranean coastal and marine areas and resources. Among its challenging evolution the Charter includes the on-going opportunity to involve no EU countries from southern and eastern Mediterranean, in particular in the Macro-Project initiatives.

Contact Person

Roberto Montanari

Emilia Romagna Region

Soil and Coast defence and Land Reclamation Service

Viale della fiera 8, Bologna, Italy

Ph.: +39 051 5276880

E-mail: rmontanari@regione.emilia-romagna.it

 

Christian Marasmi

Emilia Romagna Region

Soil and Coast defence and Land Reclamation Service

Viale della fiera 8, Bologna, Italy

Ph.: +39 051 5276867

E-mail: cmarasmi@regione.emilia-romagna.it

Responsible Entity

Emilia Romagna Region is the authority entrusted with the Charter

Costs / Funding Source

Funding sources: The “Bologna Charter 2012” was developed within the MAREMED project (funded by MED Programme) and with the support of the FACECOAST Med-cluster. It re-launches the principles of the former Bologna Charter 2007, drafted within the BEACHMED-e project (funded by INTERREG IIIC MEDOCC).

 

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