Germany

Germany

Overview of MSP related maritime uses

MSP drivers: safe and efficient navigation, marine protection, commerce, offshore wind park planning

  • Current main uses:

    • Offshore renewable energy production
    • Shipping
    • Fisheries
    • Nature conservation
    • Tourism
    • Ports
    • Aquaculture

Future uses: Additional offshore wind farms

Issues: Planning for offshore wind farm grid connections

Which maritime spatial plans exist?

Maritime Spatial Plans exist for the North Sea and Baltic Sea German EEZs (2) and for the territorial sea areas under jurisdiction of the three coastal federal states (Lower Saxony, Schleswig-Holstein, and Mecklenburg-Vorpommern) (3).

 

Planning on national level

The national legal basis is the general Spatial Planning Act („Raumordnungsgesetz“ / ROG), which was made applicable to the EEZ in 2004. According to the German Spatial Planning Act the Federal Government is responsible for maritime spatial planning in the German EEZ.

 

Planning on regional level

The territorial sea is an integrated part of the (terrestrial) spatial plans of the coastal federal states. The ROG and the respective spatial planning law of each federal state provide the legal basis for federal plans and programmes:

 

- Schleswig Holstein: The State Development Plan was last amended in 2015. The start of the consultation for this plan is anticipated for autumn 2017.

- Mecklenburg Vorpommern: The Spatial Development Plan was extended to the 12-nm zone between 2003-2005 and adopted in 2005. Between 2013-2015 it was updated and became a legally binding act in 2016.

- Lower Saxony: The Spatial Planning Programme (LROP) of Lower Saxony has been revised and amended in 2008 and 2012. There exist three current drafts due to an amendment process of the years 2014, 2015 and 2016. 

In order to co-ordinate the growing conflicts of maritime uses, in particular between space requiring offshore wind farms and marine environmental protection goals as well as traditional maritime uses such as shipping and fisheries, an integrative and sustainable approach was developed for the two German Exclusive Economic Zones (EEZ).

Maritime Spatial Plans for the EEZ of the Baltic Sea and North Sea contain designated (priority and restricted) areas for the same sectors - whereby for the North Sea priority areas are foreseen for shipping, cables/pipelines and offshore wind farms, for the Baltic Sea for shipping and offshore wind farms.

  • Sectors with designated areas:

    • Shipping
    • Offshore renewable energy production
    • Scientific Research
    • Submarine cables and pipelines
  • Sectors, which are taken into account:
    • Mineral extraction
    • Fisheries
    • Under water cultural heritage
    • Nature conservation
    • Military

In addition, there are Spatial Offshore Grid Plans for the German EEZ of the North and Baltic Sea (text in German) and corresponding SEAs. These plans are currently being updated by BSH, and the comment period on the updated draft documents is open until 27 September 2017.

Maritime Spatial Plan for the Territorial Sea of the Baltic Sea – Schleswig-Holstein 

The State Development Plan for Schleswig-Holstein regulates conclusively the spatial objectives and principles for terrestrial as well as marine areas. The guiding principle is sustainable spatial development, which brings the social and economic demands regarding space in line with its ecological functions and leads to a permanent, large-scale balanced order. The different uses in the coastal zone should be balanced and adjusted to each other. Integrated coastal zone management should play an important role in this. The plan came into effect 2010 and was last amended in 2015. The start of the consultation for this plan is anticipated for autumn 2017.

  • Sectors:

    • Shipping
    • Ports
    • Mineral extraction
    • Offshore renewable energy production
    • Tourism
    • Fisheries
    • Nature conservation
    • Scientific Research
    • Submarine cables and pipelines

 The plan takes coastal and flood defence into account.

Maritime Spatial Plan for the Territorial Sea of the Baltic Sea – Mecklenburg-Vorpommern

The Spatial Development Programme Mecklenburg-Vorpommern aims to implement the principles of sustainable spatial development which may bring social and economic requirements to be met by the territory into harmony with its ecological functions, and which leads to a long-term, large-scale and balanced spatial development. The plan was extended to the 12-nm zone between 2003-2005 and adopted in 2005. Between 2013-2015 it was revised and adopted. Accordingly it became a legally binding act in 2016.

  • Sectors:

    • Shipping
    • Mineral extraction
    • Offshore renewable energy production
    • Tourism
    • Fisheries
    • Aquaculture
    • Nature conservation
    • Submarine cables and pipelines

Maritime Spatial Plan for the Territorial Sea of the Baltic Sea – Lower Saxony

The Spatial Planning Programme of Lower Saxony includes provisions concerning wind power production and nature conservation, offshore electricity transmission, and shipping. Objectives that apply to both the territorial sea and coastal zones include sustainable development, consideration of stakeholder perspectives from multiple groups and geographies, and reversible measures. The programme of Lower Saxony has been revised and amended in 2008 and 2012. There exist three current drafts due to an amendment process of the years 2014, 2015 and 2016.

  • Sectors:

    • Shipping
    • Ports
    • Mineral extraction
    • Offshore renewable energy production
    • Fisheries
    • Under water cultural heritage
    • Nature conservation
    • Military
    • Scientific Research
    • Submarine cables and pipelines

The plan takes water management as well as coastal and flood defence into account.

MSP legislation

The national legal basis for MSP is the general Spatial Planning Act („Raumordnungsgesetz“/ROG) (Link to database), which was made applicable to the EEZ in 2004. The Spatial Planning Act provides the legal basis for the “Maritime Spatial Plan for the EEZ of the Baltic Sea” (Link to database) and the “Maritime Spatial Plan for the EEZ of the North Sea” (Link to database). Whereas the EEZ is governed at the federal level, the territorial sea is an integrated part of the (terrestrial) spatial plans of the coastal federal states. In addition to ROG, the legal basis for these plans is provided by the respective spatial planning law of each federal state.

National MSP authority

Contact

Internal Waters and the Territorial Sea:

Schleswig-Holstein
State Chancellery of the State Schleswig-Holstein
Mr Frank Liebrenz

+494319881734

Mecklenburg-Vorpommern
Ministry of Energy, Infrastructure and State Development Mecklenburg-Vorpommern
Ms Petra Schmidt-Kaden
+493855888400

Lower Saxony
Ministry of Food, Agriculture and Consumer Protection
Petra Sewig

+495111208639

 

The amendment of the ROG in 2004 extended the scope of spatial planning according to the guidelines of the UN Convention on the Law of the Sea to include EEZ and allocated planning powers for the EEZ in the North and Baltic Seas (beyond the 12-nautical mile zone (territorial waters) outward to up to 200 nautical miles) to the Federal Government. This was the first time the Federal Government was assigned a concrete task in overall spatial planning.

 

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Last Update 05.09.2017