Finland

Finland

Overview of MSP related maritime uses

  • Compared to other Baltic Sea Region countries, the intensity of sea space use in Finland is low - in the northern part - and moderate - in the southern part. Shipping is very active between Helsinki and Tallinn as well as to the Russian harbours along the Gulf of Finland.
  • Current main uses:
    • Shipping
    • Fisheries

Which maritime spatial plans exist?

Drafting maritime spatial plans has started in Autumn after the MSP legislation came into force on the 1st of October 2016. There will be three maritime spatial plans covering both territorial waters and the economical zone: one for the Bothnian Sea drafted by  Regional Councils of Lappi, Pohjois-Pohjanmaa, Keski-Pohjanmaa and Pohjanmaa, one for the South-Western part of the Finnish coast drafted by Regional Councils of Satakunta and Varsinais-Suomi and one for the Gulf of Finland drafted by Regional Councils of Uusimaa and Kymenlaakso.

Additionally, there already exists one specific regional land use plan: the Regional land use plan for the Kymenlaakso Region territorial sea area.

Regional land use plan for the Sea, Kymenlaakso Region (MSP equivalent)

  • The regional land use plan contains the following sectors:

    • Shipping
    • Offshore renewable energy production
    • Fishing
    • Aquaculture
    • Tourism (incl. recreation and sports)
    • Under water cultural heritage
    • Nature protection
    • Military

MSP legislation

The maritime spatial planning directive is transposed into Finnish law in 2016. MSP regulations are given as a part of the Land Use and Building Act, which is the most important act to steer land use, spatial planning and construction. Nonetheless, maritime spatial planning is not part of the land use planning system in Finland. Maritime spatial plans are general, non-binding plans that are drafted and approved by the Regional Councils.

National MSP authority

Finnish Ministry of the Environment
Department of the Built Environment
Aleksanterinkatu 7
P.O. Box 35, FI-00023 Government, Finland
Phone: +358 29 5250296
Tiina Tihlman: Ministerial Adviser

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Last Update 01.02.2017