Overview of MSP related maritime uses
- Compared to other Baltic Sea Region countries, the intensity of sea space use in Finland is low - in the northern part - and moderate - in the southern part. Shipping is very active between Helsinki and Tallinn as well as to the Russian harbours along the Gulf of Finland.
- Current main uses:
Which maritime spatial plans exist?
Drafting maritime spatial plans started in late 2016 after the MSP legislation came into force on the 1st of October 2016. There will be three maritime spatial plans covering both territorial waters and the economical zone:
- the Bothnian Sea plan drafted by Regional Councils of Lappi, Pohjois-Pohjanmaa, Keski-Pohjanmaa and Pohjanmaa;
- the South-Western part of the Finnish coast drafted by Regional Councils of Satakunta and Varsinais-Suomi; and
- the Gulf of Finland drafted by Regional Councils of Uusimaa and Kymenlaakso.
Additionally, there already exists one specific regional land use plan which includes the territorial sea: the Regional land use plan for the Kymenlaakso Region territorial sea area.
- The regional land use plan contains the following sectors:
- Offshore renewable energy production
- Tourism (incl. recreation and sports)
- Under water cultural heritage
- Nature protection
The maritime spatial planning directive is transposed into Finnish law in 2016. MSP regulations are given as a part of the Land Use and Building Act, which is the most important act to steer land use, spatial planning and construction. Nonetheless, maritime spatial planning is not part of the land use planning system in Finland. Maritime spatial plans are general, non-binding plans that are drafted and approved by the Regional Councils.
National MSP authority
Last Update 13.06.2017