Estonia

Estonia

Overview of MSP related maritime uses

  • Compared to other Baltic Sea Region countries, the intensity of sea space use in Estonia is moderate.
  • Current main uses:
    • Shipping
    • Fisheries
    • Tourism
    • Nature conservation
  • Future uses:
    • Shipping
    • Fisheries
    • Nature conservation
    • Tourism
    • Offshore renewable energy production
    • Aquaculture

Which maritime spatial plans exist?

In October 2012 the Government of Estonia initiated two pilot maritime spatial plans – at the area around Hiiu Island and Pärnu Bay area. The Hiiu pilot was adopted in 2016. The Pärnu Bay pilot was adopted in April 2017.

Hiiu Island

The main objective of the plan is to define the long-term uses of the assigned marine area through a public process. The plan contains the following sectors:

  • Shipping
  • Ports
  • Offshore renewable energy production
  • Fishing
  • Aquaculture
  • Tourism (incl. recreation and sports)
  • Under water cultural heritage
  • Nature protection 
  • Military
  • Submarine cables and pipelines

Pärnu Bay area

A balanced use scenario was chosen featuring a sustainable use of the Pärnu Bay area through sustainable fishing, protection of culturally and naturally important areas, safe shipping routes and diverse recreation possibilities. The plan contains the following sectors:

  • Shipping
  • Offshore renewable energy production
  • Fishing
  • Tourism (incl. recreation and sports)
  • Under water cultural heritage
  • Nature protection 
  • Submarine cables and pipelines

MSP legislation

Planning on land and on the EEZ (in addition to internal waters and Territorial Sea) is based on the Estonian Planning Act (2015) and order of the Government from 2012. The first two pilot maritime spatial plans are based on this order. Further MSPs in other marine areas will be based on another order from the government, which will go into effect in early 2017. The two existing plans will be included in the national plan for Estonian marine areas.

National MSP authority

Estonian Ministry of the Finance

Endla 13, 10122, Tallinn

Phone: +372 611 3127

Anni Konsap: Adviser of the Planning Department

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Last Update 05.07.2017